In his will and testament, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá appointed His eldest grandson, Shoghi Effendi Rabbani, to succeed him as Head of the Bahá’í Faith.
For the next several decades, Shoghi Effendi — given the title “the Guardian” by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá — led the affairs of the rapidly expanding global Bahá’í community.
He nurtured the development of the administrative institutions of the Bahá’í Faith, including its spiritual and administrative centre, located in Haifa, Israel. Shoghi Effendi translated numerous Bahá’í scriptures from Persian and Arabic into exquisite English and expounded their meanings and implications. He tirelessly offered guidance, inspiration and encouragement to individuals, groups and Bahá’í institutions across the world.
Shoghi Effendi oversaw a major expansion of the Bahá’í Faith. From 35 countries in 1921, the Faith had spread to more than 200 countries, territories and colonies by the time of his death in 1957.
Soon after Shoghi Effendi’s passing, the Bahá’í world community democratically elected the first Universal House of Justice, the institution that now serves as the international governing council and head of the Bahá’í Faith.